THE MODEL OF FOLDING PROCESS AND BREACHES FORMATION IN BORISLAV-POKUTTIA ZONE OF THE PRECARPATHIAN DEFLECTION
The topicality of the research is determined by the detailed study of the peculiarities of the geological structure of Boryslav-Pokuttia zone of the Precarpathian deflection, in particular of local structural forms as probable traps for oil and gas, for reliable prediction of the oil and gas potential of the subsoil. Boryslav-Pokuttia zone of the Precarpathian deflection refers to one of the oldest oil and gas producing regions in Ukraine. Its hydrocarbon potential is far from being exhausted. The complex block structure of Boryslav-Pokuttia zone requires the development of specific methods for conducting oil and gas prospecting. In this regard, determining the distribution nature of the local structures and specifying the peculiarities of their morphological forms in the area under investigation are of great importance. The issue of tracing tectonic disturbances and determining their screening ability which determines the possible existence of hydrocarbon deposits remains to be an urgent matter. Solving these issues will significantly improve the geological efficiency of prospecting and exploration in the areas of Boryslav-Pokuttia zone. At the modern stage of the Earth sciences development computer processing of geological data is widely used.
Therefore, along with the traditional approach to describing structures as potential traps for oil and gas, it is
necessary to analyze their quantitative (numerical) parameters. It gives a possibility to confirm the stablished regularities more reasonably. Handling large array of quantitative indicators of local structures and the dependencies established among them makes it possible to simulate the processes that formed them and to determine the regularities of their distribution. The most important scientific and practical results include: the quantitative indicators ranking of the local structures of Boryslav-Pokuttia zone (the ranking contains four groups of structures classified according to their morphological texture); the investigated conditions for the formation of morphological varieties of local structures and the character of the distribution of tectonic deformations in them. The results of geological and mathematical simulation according to a complex of quantitative indicators help to state that local structures with certain morphological features, which are revealed to various extent in their deformations, are formed by tectonic movements of different magnitude and direction and are described by the numerical parameters peculiar only to them. Investigating the distribution of tectonic stresses and deformations, which can be estimated in quantitative indicators, will contribute to a more reliable prediction of the oil and gas potential of the subsoil. In its turn, it will improve significantly the geological performance of oil and gas prospecting in the areas of BoryslavPokuttia zone of the Precarpathian deflection.
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